This main iPhone supplier, which currently earns 30% of its revenue from Apple, has many excellent drivers that the market presently undervalues in the face of Apple doom and gloom. It has other excessive-growing business traces, new ability clients and uses for the products it sells to Apple, and it just finished the purchase of one my top Long Ideas from last 12 months as a way to further diversify its sales faraway from Cupertino. Lumentum Holdings (LITE) is this week’s Long Idea.
More to the Story Than Apple
Photonics producer Lumentum, which turned into spun out of JDS Uniphase in 2015, is first-rate known as one of the providers of vertical-hollow space floor-emitting lasers (VCSELs) that powers the 3-d sensing FaceID function in more modern model iPhones. Over the past year, VCSEL’s have ended up a first-rate component of Lumentum’s commercial enterprise, and Apple accounted for 30% of its revenue in 2018.
However, framing Lumentum as totally an Apple dealer paints a misleading photo of the business enterprise’s underlying economics. In element, this characterization is due to misleading GAAP profits, which display the organization dropping cash each year until 2018. Figure 1 indicates that monetary income, the true coins flow of the enterprise, in reality, turned high-quality in 2017, earlier than Apple became a chief issue of the company’s sales.
LITE GAAP vs. Economic Earnings Since 2015
GAAP earnings extensively understated the enterprise’s authentic profitability in 2017 because of two principal non-recurring costs: (1) $104 million (10% of sales) charge for the increase in spinoff liabilities on its favored stock and (2) the $27 million (three% of sales) fee for the increase deferred tax assets .
As a result, LITE said a GAAP lack of $103 million in 2017 even though it earned high-quality financial profits of $14 million. In 2018, GAAP income rose sharply no longer because of doing enterprise with Apple but because of an $eighty million (6% of revenue) advantage from tax reform. Combined, those accounting distortions recommended that Lumentum became a chronically unprofitable employer converted completely through its function as an Apple supplier.
In truth, Lumentum is an assorted enterprise with several other product strains out of doors of VCSELs which might be growing rapidly. Most notably, the agency’s Reconfigurable Optical Add-Drop Multiplexers (ROADMs) – which help route site visitors through fiber-optic networks – are developing at double-digit rates and earn gross margins above 40%.
Investors fear that the current stagnation in iPhone sales will cause slower VCSEL income and decrease margins for Lumentum as Apple starts offevolved squeezing providers to maintain earnings. However, there are much other abilities uses for VCSELs that would drive boom going ahead, in addition to different segments of the enterprise which can deliver growth.
Opportunities Outside Apple for VCSELs
Lumentum has considerable opportunities to grow its VCSEL enterprise outdoor of Apple. For starters, the enterprise can benefit traction with different cellphone manufacturers that need to emulate the iPhone’s capabilities. VCSEL sales from Android clients grew via over 100% sequentially in the most recent sector, and while it remains a minor issue of sales now, Android phones should come to be a chief growth driver inside the near destiny.
More importantly, telephone manufacturers are increasingly more taking into account new makes use of for 3-D sensing. So ways, the feature has been confined to the front-dealing with a digicam and used for facial reputation. However, it may very quickly be implemented to the “international-facing” digicam on phones and used for augmented fact packages. VCSELs can also offer 3-d sensing for diffusion of other customer appliances.
Longer-term, VCSELs have capability packages in self-driving vehicles, navy systems, and commercial production. The VCSEL market is forecasted to develop at ~17% compounded yearly over the next five years. As one of the leaders within the enterprise, Lumentum needs to gain from this growth even supposing it faces headwinds over the subsequent year from Apple.
Oclaro Acquisition Leads to Greater Diversification
Lumentum ought to grow to be even much less reliant on Apple for sales in 2019 because of the currently finished acquisition of Oclaro. I like this acquisition (that is rare) from a pure fundamentals angle: Oclaro become one in all my pinnacle picks in 2018, and the $eight.26/share that Lumentum paid in the deal represents a 25% discount to the $eleven/proportion truthful fee that I anticipated in my original article.
Also, this acquisition diversifies Lumentum further far away from Apple. Oclaro’s primary function in a hundred gigabit according to 2nd optical transceivers will – in addition to offering vertical integration opportunities with Lumentum’s portfolio of fiber optic merchandise – provide a further cushion in case the VCSEL marketplace stagnates. Oclaro earned TTM revenue of $519 million, 38% of Lumentum’s income, so it brings in good sized new revenue streams.
Figure 2 indicates the quantity to which the purchase of Oclaro will diversify Lumentum’s sales streams. Apple shrinks from 30% of revenue to 22%, even as sales coming from out of doors of the top four clients will increase from 39% to 45%.